V. The Dark Ages

A. Byzantium

1. Edward Gibbon
a. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, corr. ed. Ed. David Wormersley. New York City: Penguin Books, 1994: Vol. II, Ch. 40-41, 43-46.
b. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, corr. ed. Ed. Wormersley. New York City: Penguin Books, 1994: Vol. III, Ch. 48, 53
2. John Julius Norwich [John Julius Cooper]
a. Byzantium, Vol. I: The Early Centuries. 1988. Rpt. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1989: Ch. 9-18.
b. Byzantium, Vol. II: The Apogee. 1991. Rpt. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.
c. Byzantium, Vol. III: The Decline and Fall. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995: Ch. 1.
3. Others
Bramley, William. The Gods of Eden: A New Look at Human History, rev. ed. 1990. Rpt. New York City: Avon Books, 1990: Ch. 14.
Brown, Peter. The World of Late Antiquity: A.D. 150-750. 1971. Rpt. London: The Folio Society, 2014: Ch. 12-13.
Frantz, Alison, Homer A. Thompson, and John Travlos. The Athenian Agora: Late Antiquity: A.D. 267-700. Princeton, N.J.: The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1988: Ch. 1-5.
The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261. Ed. Helen C. Evans and William D. Wixom. New York City: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997.
Goldsworthy, Adrian Keith. How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 2009: Ch. 20.
Jones, A.H.M. The Later Roman Empire, 284-602: A Social Economic and Administrative Survey. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell, 1964: Vol. I, Ch. 9-10.
Lamb, Harold. Constantinople: Birth of an Empire. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957: Ch. 2-8.
Montefiore, Simon Sebag. Jerusalem: The Biography. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011: Ch. 16.
Patlagean, Evelyne. "Byzantium in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries." A History of Private Life, Vol. I: From Pagan Rome to Byzantium. Ed. Paul Veyne. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 1987: Pt. 5.
Procopius of Caesarea. The Secret History. 1623. Trans. Anthony Kaldellis. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2010.
Rosen, William. Justinian’s Flea: Plague, Empire, and the Birth of Europe. New York City: Viking, 2007: Ch. 3-9, 12.
Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades, Vol. I: The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1951: Ch. 4-5.
Sypeck, Jeff. Becoming Charlemagne, Europe, Baghdad, and the Empires of A.D 800. New York City: Ecco, 2006: Ch. 2.

B. Christianity

1. The Roman Catholic Church
Catholicism and Politics in Communist Societies. Ed. Pedro Ramet. Durham, N.C.: Duke UP, 1990: Ch. 5.
Collins, Paul. Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century. New York City: Public Affairs, 2013: Ch. 2-3, 13, 15.
Fernández-Morera, Darío. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: Muslims, Christians, and Jews Under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain. Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 2016: Ch. 7.
Johnson, Paul et al. The Papacy. 1997. Rpt. New York City: Barnes & Noble Books, 2005: Ch. 3-4.
Norwich. Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy. 2011. Rpt. New York City: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2012: Ch. 3-10.
Posner, Gerald L. God’s Bankers: A History of Money and Power at the Vatican. New York City: Simon & Schuster, 2015: Ch. 2.
Seldes, George. The Vatican: Yesterday – Today –Tomorrow. New York City: Harper & Brothers, 1934: Ch. 4, 11.
Weigel, George. God’s Choice: Pope Benedict XVI and the Future of the Catholic Church. New York City: HarperCollins Publishers, 2005: Ch. 2, 4.
Woods, Thomas E. Jr. How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2005: Ch. 2-3, 6.
2. Laurence Gardner
Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark: Amazing Revelations of the Incredible Power of Gold. 2003. Rpt. New York City: Barnes & Noble, 2005: Ch. 15.
Gardner, Laurence. The Grail Enigma: The Hidden Heirs of Jesus and Mary Magdalene. London: HarperElement, 2008: Ch. 19.
3. George Grant
a. The Dispossessed: Homelessness in America. Fort Worth, Texas: Dominion Press, 1986: Ch. 12.
b. Third Time Around: A History of the Pro-Life Movement From the First Century to the Present. Brentwood, Tenn.: Wohlgemuth & Hyatt, Publishers, 1991: Ch. 3.
4. Philip Jenkins
a. The Lost History of Christianity: The Thousand-Year Golden Age of the Church in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia – and How It Died. New York City: HarperOne, 2008: Ch. 8-9.
b. Jesus Wars: How Four Patriarchs, Three Queens, and Two Emperors Decided What Christians Would Believe for the Next 1,500 Years. New York City: HarperOne, 2010: Ch. 8.
c. The Many Faces of Christ: The Thousand-Year Story of the Survival and Influence of the Lost Gospels. New York City: Basic Books, 2015: Ch. 3, 7-8.
5. Rousas John Rushdoony
a. The One and the Many: Studies in the Philosophy of Order and Ultimacy. 1971. Rpt. Vallecito, Calif.: Chalcedon/Ross House Books, 1997: Ch. 7.
b. Christianity and the State. Vallecito, Calif.: Ross House Books, 1986: Ch. 19.
c. Foundations of Social Order: A Study in the Creeds and Councils of the Early Church, rev. ed. Vallecito, Calif.: Ross House Books, 1998: Ch. 1-10, 15-16, 19-22.
d. d. Faith & Action: The Collected Articles of R.J. Rushdoony From the Chalcedon Report, 1965-2004, Vol. II: Government, Education & Society. Vallecito, Calif.: Chalcedon/Ross House Books, 2019: Ch. 234.
6. Others
Bundy, Edgar C. How the Communists Use Religion. 1966. Rpt. Wheaton, Ill.: Church League of America, 1969: Ch. 2.
P. Collins, Ch. 18.
Cox, Samuel S. Diversions of a Diplomat in Turkey. 1887. Rpt. New York City: Elibron Classics, 2005: Ch. 21.
Davis, R.H.C. A History of Medieval Europe: From Constantine to Saint Louis, 2nd rev. ed. 1988. Rpt. Harlow, U.K.: Pearson Longman, 2006: Pt. 1, Ch. 4; Pt. 2, Ch. 2.
Dawson, Christopher. The Crisis of Western Education. 1961. Rpt. Washington, D.C.: Catholic U of America P, 2010: Ch. 2.
Dimont, Max I. Jews, God and History, rev. ed. New York City: New American Library, 1994: Ch. 18.
Hancock, Graham, and Robert Bauval. The Master Game: Unmasking the Secret Rulers of the World, rev. ed. New York City: Disinformation Co., 2011: Ch. 3.
Holland, Tom. Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind. 2019. Rpt. London: Abacus, 2020: Ch. 7-9.
P. Johnson. A History of Christianity. New York City: Atheneum, 1976: Pt. 3.
Kirsch, Jonathan. A History of the End of the World: How the Most Controversial Book in the Bible Changed the Course of Western Civilization. New York City: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006: Ch. 5.
O’Shea, Stephen. Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World. New York City: Walker & Co., 2006: Ch. 5.
Rogers, Nicholas. Halloween: From Pagan Ritual to Party Night. New York City: Oxford UP, 2002: Ch. 2.
Runciman, Vol. I, Pt. 2-5.
Stark, Rodney. The Victory of Reason: How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and Western Success. New York City: Random House, 2005: Ch. 2-3.

C. The Jews

Dimont, Ch. 16-17, 19, 22.
Entine, Jon. Abraham's Children: Race, DNA, and the Identity of the Chosen People. New York City: Grand Central Publishing, 2007: Ch. 8-9.
Fernández-Morera, Ch. 6.
Gaster, Moses. Jewish Folk-Lore in the Middle Ages. 1887. Rpt. Rutland, Vt.: Tarl Warwick Books, 2022.
Horowitz, Elliott. Reckless Rites: Purim and the Legacy of Jewish Violence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2006: Ch. 6.
P. Johnson. A History of the Jews. New York City: Harper & Row, 1987: Pt. 3.
Klinghoffer, David. Why the Jews Rejected Christ: The Turning Point in Western History. New York City: 2005: Ch. 6.
Sand, Shlomo. The Invention of the Jewish People, rev. ed. Trans. Yael Lotan. London: Verso, 2009: Ch. 4.
Sypeck, Ch. 5.

D. The Barbarians

1. The Franks
R.H.C. Davis, Pt. 1, Ch. 6.
L. Gardner, The Grail Enigma, Ch. 18.
Sypeck, Ch. 1, 3.
2. The British Isles
a. Ford Madox Hueffer [Joseph Leopold Ford Madox Hueffer]
a. The Cinque Ports: A Historical and Descriptive Record. Edinburgh, U.K.: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900: Ch. 9.
b. The Spirit of the People: An Analysis of the English Mind. 1907. Rpt. London: Duckworth & Co., 1915: Ch. 2.
b. Others
Cam, Helen. England Before Elizabeth, rev. ed. New York City: Harper & Row Publishers, 1960: Ch. 2-4.
Deutsch, Nathaniel. Inventing America’s “Worst” Family: Eugenics, Islam, and the Fall and Rise of the Tribe of Ishmael. Berkeley, Calif.: U of California P, 2009: Ch. 7.
Fraser, George MacDonald. The Steel Bonnets: The Story of the Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers. 1971. Rpt. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing, 2008: Ch. 2.
L Gardner, The Grail Enigma, Ch. 12, 14, 17, 20-21.
Josephson, Dr. Emanuel M. The Strange Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt: A History of the Roosevelt-Delano Dynasty, America’s Royal Family, rev. ed. New York City: Chedney Press, 1959: Ch. 2-3.
Levy, “Yank” Bert. Guerrilla Warfare. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin Books, 1941: Ch. 2.
Major, Albany F. Early Wars of Wessex, rev. ed. Ed. Charles W. Whistler. Poole, U.K.: Blandford Press, 1978.
Morgan, Giles. A Brief History of the Holy Grail. London: Robinson/Running Press, 2011: Ch. 2-4.
Morris, John. The Age of Arthur: A History of the British Isles From 350 to 650, Vol. I, Ch. 3-7; Vol. II-III. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973.
Paglia, Camille. Glittering Images: A Journey Through Art From Egypt to Star Wars. New York City: Pantheon Books, 2012: Ch. 7.
Petro, Sylvester. "Feudalism, Property, and Praxeology." Property in a Humane Economy: A Selection of Essays Compiled by the Institute for Humane Studies. Ed. Samuel L. Blumenfeld. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1974: Ch. 9.
Reagan, Ron. My Father at 100. New York City: Viking, 2011: Ch. 1.
Roosevelt, Theodore. The Wining of the West, Vol. I: From the Alleghanies to the Mississippi, 1769-1776. New York City: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1889: Ch. 1.
Tosches, Nick. The Devil and Sonny Liston. 2000. Rpt. Boston: Back Bay Books, 2001.
Vandercoy, David E. "The History of the Second Amendment." Valparaiso University Law Review Spring 1994: 1007-1039.
3. The Steppes
Katusa, Marin. The Colder War: How the Global Energy Trade Slipped From America’s Grasp. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley/Casey Research, 2014: Ch. 5.
Keller, Werner. East Minus West = Zero: Russia's Debt to the Western World, 862-1962. 1960. Trans. Constantine Fitzgibbon and Sybil Welch. 1961. Rpt. New York City: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1962: Ch. 1.
Koestler, Arthur. The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and Its Heritage. 1976. Rpt. Clackamas, Ore.: Emissary Publications, 1996.
Nourzhanov, Kirill, and Christian Bleuer. Tajikistan: A Political and Social History. Canberra, A.C.T.: Australian National University E Press, 2013: Ch. 2.
Rihani, Ameen. The Descent of Bolshevism. 1920. Rpt. Charleston, S.C.: Bibliolife, 2009: Ch. 1.
4. Beowulf
Beowulf: A New Verse Translation by Seamus Heaney. New York City: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2000.
Gardner, John. Grendel. 1971. Rpt. London: Gollancz, 2004.
Tucker, Jeffrey. Bourbon for Breakfast: Living Outside the Statist Quo. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2010: Ch. 65.

5. The Vikings
a. Iceland
Friedman, David. The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to a Radical Capitalism, rev. ed. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court Publishing Co., 1989: Ch. 44.
Weiner, Mark S. The Rule of the Clan: What an Ancient Form of Social Organization Reveals About the Future of Individual Freedom. New York City: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013: Ch. 5.
b. Other
Kirchner, Paul. The Deadliest Men: The World's Deadliest Combatants Through the Ages. Boulder, Colo.: Paladin Press, 2001: Ch. 38.
Leacock, Stephen. The Dawn of Canadian History: A Chronicle of Aboriginal Canada and the Coming of the White Man. 1914. Rpt. Breinigsville, Pa.: Nabu Press, 2011: Ch. 4.
6. The Gypsies
Maas, Peter. King of the Gypsies. 1975. Rpt. New York City: Bantam Books, 1976: Pt. 2.

E. Dar al-Islam

1. Source Material
Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad et al. The Qur’an, 21st rev. ed. Ed. Uthman ibn Affan. c. 650. Trans. Tarif Khalidi. London: Penguin Books, 2008.
2. Jerusalem
Bahat, Dan, and Shalom Sabar. Jerusalem, Stone and Spirit: 3000 Years of History and Art. 1997. Rpt. New York City: Rizzoli, 1998: Ch. 8.
Cline, Eric H. Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P, 2004: Ch. 5.
Montefiore, Ch. 17-20.
3. Persia
Heikal, Mohamed. Iran: The Untold Story: An Insider's Account of America's Iranian Adventure and Its Consequences for the Future, rev. ed. New York City: Pantheon Books, 1982: Ch. 6.
Margolis, Eric S. American Raj: Liberation or Domination? Toronto: Key Porter Books, 2008: Ch. 11.
4. Iberia
Fernández-Morera, Ch. 1-5.
Fuentes, Carlos. The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992: Ch. 3.
Grice-Hutchinson, Marjorie. Early Economic Thought in Spain, 1177-1740. 1978. Rpt. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2015: Ch. 1.
5. The Assassins
Lewis, Bernard. The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam, rev ed. New York City: Basic Books, 2003: Ch. 2-3, 5-6.
Livingstone, David. Terrorism and the Illuminati: A Three Thousand Year History. Charleston, S.C.: BookSurge, 2007: Ch. 8.
Reynolds, John Lawrence. Secret Societies: Inside the Freemasons, the Yakuza, Skull and Bones, and the World’s Most Notorious Secret Organizations. 2006. Rpt. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing, 2011: Ch. 1.
6. Music
Cuney-Hare, Maud. Negro Musicians and Their Music, rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: The Associated Publishers, 1943: Ch. 13.
Gioia, Ted. Music: A Subversive History. New York City: Basic Books, 2019: Ch. 11.
7. Jason Burke
a. Al-Qaeda: Casting a Shadow of Terror. London: I.B. Tauris, 2003: Ch. 2.
b. The New Threat: The Past, Present, and Future of Islamic Militancy. New York City: The New Press, 2015: Ch. 2, 4.
8. Albert Hourani
a. Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939, 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1983: Ch. 1.
b. A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 1991: Pt. 1.
9. Stanley L. Jaki
a. Science and Creation: From Eternal Cycles to an Oscillating Universe, 2nd rev. ed. New Hope, Ky.: Real View Books, 2016: Ch. 9.
b. God and the Cosmologists, rev. ed. Edinburgh, U.K.: Scottish Academic Press, 1998: Ch. 8.
10. Bernard Lewis
a. The Political Language of Islam. Chicago: of Chicago P, 1988.
b. Faith and Power: Religion and Politics in the Middle East. New York City: Oxford UP, 2010: Ch. 1-3, 10, 12.
11. David Livingstone
a. The Dying God: The Hidden History of Western Civilization. Lincoln, Neb.: Writers Club Press, 2000: Ch. 13.
b. Black Terror, White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism and the New Age. Scotts Valley, Calif.: Sabilillah Publicatons, 2013: Ch. 1, 3.
12. Other
Armstrong, Karen. Islam: A Short History, rev. ed. New York City: The Modern Library, 2002: Ch. 1-3.
Baer, Robert. The Devil We Know: Dealing With the New Iranian Superpower. New York City: Crown Publishers, 2008: Ch. 11.
Beckwith, Carol et al. African Ark: The Peoples and Ancient Cultures of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. New York City: Harry N. Abrams, 1990: Ch. 4.
Bloom, Howard. The Muhammad Code: How a Desert People Brought You ISIS, al Qaeda, and Boko Haram. Port Townsend, Wash.: Feral House, 2016.
Boykin, Lt. Gen. William G. “Gerry” (ret.) et al. Sharia: The Threat to America: An Exercise in Competitive Analysis – Report of Team B II. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Security Press, 2010: Ch. 1-3.
Bramley, Ch. 15.
Brown, Ch. 15-16.
Burr, J. Millard, and Robert O. Collins. Alms for Jihad: Charity And Terrorism In The Islamic World. New York City: Cambridge UP, 2006: Ch. 1.
P. Collins, Ch. 8.
Cook, David. Understanding Jihad. Berkeley, Calif.: U of California P, 2005: Ch. 1-3.
Coughlin, Stephen. Catastrophic Failure: Blindfolding America in the Face of Jihad. Washington, D.C.: Center for Security Policy Press, 2015: Pt. 1-2.
Davis, John H. Mafia Kingfish: Carlos Marcello and the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. New York City: McGraw-Hill, 1989: Ch. 2.
R.H.C. Davis, Pt. 1, Ch. 5.
Demaris, Ovid [Ovide E. Desmarais]. Brothers in Blood: The International Terrorist Network. New York City: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1977: Pt. 2.
Dimont, Ch. 15.
Esposito, John L. Islam: The Straight Path, 4th rev. ed. New York City: Oxford UP, 2011: Ch. 1-3.
Fregosi, Paul. Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests From the 7th to the 21st Centuries. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1998: Ch. 1-23.
Fuller, Graham E. A World Without Islam. New York City: Little, Brown and Co., 2010: Ch. 1, 4-5, 10-11.
Gibbon, Vol. III, Ch. 50-52, 57.
Grinspoon, Dr. Lester, and James B. Bakalar. Marihuana Reconsidered, 2nd rev. ed. Oakland, Calif.: Quick American Archives, 1994: Ch. 11.
Hiro, Dilip. Cold War in the Islamic World: Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for Supremacy. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford UP, 2018: Ch. 1.
Jenkins, Ch. 4.
Judis, John B. Genesis: Truman, American Jews, and the Origins of the Arab/Israeli Conflict. New York City: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014: Ch. 2.
Kuran, Timur. Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2004: Ch. 1.
Lamb, David. The Arabs: Journeys Beyond the Mirage, rev. ed. New York City: Vintage Books, 2002: Ch. 1, 3, 5-6.
Lavergne, Gary M. Worse Than Death: The Dallas Nightclub Murders and the Texas Multiple Murder Law. Denton, Texas: U of North Texas P, 2003: Ch. 2.
Lindholm, Charles. The Islamic Middle East: Tradition and Change, rev. ed. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2002.
Mackey, Sandra. The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom, rev. ed. New York City: W.W. Norton & Co., 2002: Ch. 4.
Maalouf, Amin. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. 1984. Rpt. London: Folio Books, 2012: Pt. 1.
Margolis. War at the Top of the World: The Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Tibet., rev. ed. New York City: Routledge, 2002: Ch. 16.
Martin, Mike. An Intimate War: An Oral History of the Helmand Conflict, 1978-2012. New York City: Oxford UP, 2014: Ch. 1.
Matthiesen, Toby. The Other Saudis: Shiism, Dissent and Sectarianism. New York City: Cambridge UP, 2015: Ch. 1.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization. New York City: HarperSanFrancisco, 2003.
Norwich. The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean. 2007. Rpt. London: The Folio Society, 2010: Ch. 1.
O’Shea, Ch. 1-4.
Patai, Raphael. The Arab Mind, 2nd rev. ed. New York City: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1983: Ch. 1-11, 13-14.
Peters, Joan. From Time Immemorial: The Origins of the Arab-Jewish Conflict Over Palestine. 1984. Rpt. Chicago: JKAP, 2002: Ch. 3.
Pryce-Jones, David. The Closed Circle: An Interpretation of the Arabs, 2nd rev. ed. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2009: Ch. 1-2, 5, 8, 10.
Reilly, Robert R. The Closing of the Muslim Mind: How Intellectual Suicide Created the Modern Islamist Crisis. Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 2010.
Rihani, Ch. 2-3.
Runciman, Vol. I, Pt. 1, Ch. 1-2.
Rushby, Kevin. Paradise: A History of the Idea That Rules the World. 2006. Rpt. New York City: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2007: Ch. 3-4.
Scruton, Roger. The West and the Rest: Globalization and the Terrorist Threat. Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 2002: Ch. 3.
Shinn, Charles Howard. Mining Camps: A Study in American Frontier Government. 1885. Rpt. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1970: Ch. 8.
Spencer, Robert. Onward Muslim Soldiers: How Jihad Still Threatens America and the West. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2003: Ch. 3-6.
Stoddard, Lothrop. The New World of Islam. New York City: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921: Ch. 6.
Sykes, Mark. The Caliphs' Last Heritage: A Short History of the Turkish Empire. 1915. Rpt. New York City: Arno Press, 1973: Pt. 1, Ch. 7-22.
Sypeck, Ch. 4.
Turchin, Peter. War and Peace and War: The Life Cycles of Imperial Nations. New York City: Pi Press, 2006: Ch. 4.
Viorst, Milton. In the Shadow of the Prophet: The Struggle for the Soul of Islam. 1998. Rpt.: Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2001: Ch. 3, 5-7, 10.
Warraq, Ibn. Why I Am Not a Muslim. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1995: Ch. 2-16.
Webster, Nesta H. Secret Societies and Subversive Movements. 1924. Rpt. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger Publishing, 2003: Ch. 2.
Weiner, Ch. 10.
Westermarck, Edward. Pagan Survivals in Mohammedan Civilization: Jinn, the Evil Eye, the Curse and the Sensitivity of Holiness. 1933. Rpt. London: Trubner, 2003: Ch. 6.

F. The Holy Roman Empire

Andressohn, John C. The Ancestry and Life of Godfrey of Bouillon. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Publications, 1947: Ch. 1-2.
P. Collins, Ch. 5-6, 12, 17.
R.H.C. Davis, Pt. 1, Ch. 7.
Fletcher, Nichola. Charlemagne's Tablecloth: A Piquant History of Feasting. 2004. Rpt. New York City: St. Martin's Press, 2005: Ch. 1, 29.
Heer, Friedrich. The Holy Roman Empire. 1967. Trans. Janet Sondheimer. New York City: Praeger, 1968: Ch. 2-3.
Ravenscroft, Trevor. The Spear of Destiny: The Occult Power Behind the Spear Which Pierced the Side of Christ. 1973. Rpt. York Beach, Maine: Samuel Weiser, 1982: Ch. 15.
Rothbard, Murray. An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought, Vol. I: Economic Thought Before Adam Smith. 1995. Rpt. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2006: Pt. 2, Ch. 3.
Sypeck, Ch. 6-10.
Wormser, René A. The Myth of the Good and Bad Nations. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co., 1954: Ch. 2.

G. East Asia

1. China
Chiang, Monlin. Tides From the West: A Chinese Autobiography. 1947. Rpt. Taipei, R.O.C.: China Academy, 1974: Ch. 1, 22.
Johnson, David G. The Medieval Chinese Oligarchy. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1977.
2. Other
Chiang, Ch. 32.
Hanley, Charles J. et al. The Bridge at No Gun Ri: A Hidden Nightmare From the Korea War. New York City: Henry Holt and Co., 2001: Ch. 2.

H. The Balkans

Adamic, Louis [Alojzij Adamič]. My Native Land. New York City: Harper & Bros., 1943.
Catholicism and Politics in Communist Societies. Ed. Pedro Ramet. Durham, N.C.: Duke UP, 1990: Ch. 10.

I. Venice

Beard, Miriam. A History of Business, Vol. I: From Babylon to the Monopolists. 1938. Rpt. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P, 1962: Ch. 5.
Crowley, Roger. City of Fortune: How Venice Ruled the Seas. Rpt. New York City: Random House, 2011: Ch. 1.
Farrell, Joseph P. Financial Vipers of Venice: Alchemical Money, Magical Physics, and Banking in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Port Townsend, Wash.: Feral House, 2010: Ch. 4.
Madden, Thomas F. Venice: A New History. New York City: Viking, 2012: Ch. 2-4.
Norwich. A History of Venice. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982: Ch. 2-6.

J. Mathematics

Ferguson, Kitty. Pythagoras: His Lives and the Legacy of a Rational Universe. London: Icon, 2010: Ch. 16-17.
Martinez, Alberto A. The Cult of Pythagoras: Math and Myths. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburg P, 2012: Ch. 6.

K. Food

Fletcher, Ch. 12.
Laudan, Rachel. Cuisine and Empire: Cooking in World History. Berkeley, Calif.: U of California P, 2013: Ch. 4.

L. Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh, and Henry Lincoln

1. Holy Blood, Holy Grail, 3rd rev. ed. New York City: Delacorte Press, 2005: Ch. 9-10, 14.
2. The Messianic Legacy. 1986. Rpt. New York City: Delta Trade Paperbacks, 2004: Ch. 8.

M. Laurence Gardner

1. Realm of the Ring Lords, Ch. 2.
2. Bloodline of the Holy Grail: The Hidden Lineage of Jesus Revealed, 2nd rev. ed. Gloucester, Mass.: Fair Winds Press, 2005: Ch. 11-16.
3. The Magdalene Legacy: The Jesus and Mary Bloodline Conspiracy: Revelations Beyond the Da Vinci Code. 2005. Rpt. San Francisco: Weiser Books, 2007: Ch. 14.

N. Gibbon

1. Vol. II, Ch. 39, 42, 47.
2. Vol. III, Ch. 49, 54-56

O. P. Johnson

1. Civilizations of the Holy Land. New York City: Atheneum, 1979: Ch. 5-7.
2. Enemies of Society. New York City: Atheneum, 1977: Ch. 3.

P. Ford

1. Provence: From Minstrels to the Machine. 1935. Rpt. Manchester, U.K.: Carcanet, 2009: Pt. 2, Ch. 3, 5.
2. The March of Literature: From Confucius' Day to Our Own. 1938. Rpt. Normal, Ill.: Dalkey Archive Press, 1998: Vol. I, Pt. 3, Ch. 1-4.

Q. Livingstone

1. The Dying God, Ch. 14-15.
2. Terrorism and the Illuminati, Ch. 9, 11-12.
3. Transhumanism: The History of a Dangerous Idea. Scotts Valley, Calif.: Sabilillah Publicatons, 2015: Ch. 2.

R. Norwich

1. The Normans
a. The Normans in Sicily: The Normans in the South, 1016-1130; and The Kingdom in the Sun, 1130-1194. London: Penguin Books, 1992: Vol. I, Ch. 1-19.
b. Byzantium, Vol. III: Ch. 2.
c. Sicily: An Island at the Crossroads of History. New York City: Random House, 2015: Ch. 4.
2. Other
a. Byzantium, Vol. III: Ch. 3.
b. The Middle Sea, Ch. 6-7.
c. A History of France. New York City: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2018: Ch. 2.

S. Others

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