VI. The Medieval World

A. The Emergence of the State

1. The Mercenaries
McFate, Sean. The Modern Mercenary: Private Armies and What They Mean for World Order. New York City: Oxford UP, 2014: Ch. 7-8.
Mockler, Anthony. The Mercenaries. 1969. Rpt. Sugarland, Texas: Free Companion Press, 1981: Ch. 2.
1. Rousas John Rushdoony
a. Bread Upon the Waters: Columns From the "California Farmer." 1969. Rpt. Fairfax, Va.: Thoburn Press, 1974: Ch. 22.
b. Christianity and the State. Vallecito, Calif.: Ross House Books, 1986: Ch. 26.
3. Other
Bassani, Luigi Marco, and Carlo Lottieri. "The Problem of Security: Historicity of the State and 'European Realism.' " The Myth of National Defense: Essays on the Theory and History of Security Production. Ed. Hans-Hermann Hoppe. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2003: 21-64.
Davis, R.H.C. A History of Medieval Europe: From Constantine to Saint Louis, 2nd rev. ed. 1988. Rpt. Harlow, U.K.: Pearson Longman, 2006: Pt. 2, Ch. 8.
Gatto, John Taylor. The Underground History of American Education: A Schoolteacher's Intimate Investigation Into the Prison of Modern Schooling, 3rd rev. ed. New York City: Oxford Village Press, 2006: Ch. 7.
McCoy, Alfred W. Torture and Impunity: The U.S. Doctrine of Coercive Interrogation. Madison, Wis.: U of Wisconsin P, 2012: Ch. 5.
Porter, Bruce D. War and the Rise of the State: The Military Foundations of Modern Politics. New York City: The Free Press, 1994: Ch. 6.
Rothbard, Murray N. An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought, Vol. I: Economic Thought Before Adam Smith. 1995. Rpt. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2006: Pt. 3, Ch. 1.
Strayer, Joseph R. On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1970.
Unger, Miles E. Machiavelli: A Biography. New York City: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
Van Creveld, Martin. The Rise and Decline of the State. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1999: Ch. 2.

B. Dar al-Islam

1. The Seljuk Empire
Emin, Ahmed. Turkey in the World War. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 1930: Ch. 1.
Sykes, Mark. The Caliphs' Last Heritage: A Short History of the Turkish Empire. 1915. Rpt. New York City: Arno Press, 1973: Pt. 1, Ch. 23.
2. The Assassins
Bowart, Walter H. [Walter Howard Kirby]. Operation Mind Control, rev. ed. Fort Bragg, Calif.: Flatlands Editions, 1994: Ch. 25.
Lewis, Bernard. The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam, rev ed. New York City: Basic Books, 2003: Ch. 1, 4.
3. Jerusalem
Bahat, Dan, and Shalom Sabar. Jerusalem, Stone and Spirit: 3000 Years of History and Art. 1997. Rpt. New York City: Rizzoli, 1998: Ch. 10.
Milton, Giles. The Riddle and the Knight: In Search of Sir John Mandeville, the World's Greatest Traveller. 1996. Rpt. New York City: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001: Ch. 8.
Montefiore, Simon Sebag. Jerusalem: The Biography. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011: Ch. 26-30.
4. David Livingstone
a. Terrorism and the Illuminati: A Three Thousand Year History. Charleston, S.C.: BookSurge, 2007: Ch. 15.
b. Black Terror, White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism and the New Age. Scotts Valley, Calif.: Sabilillah Publicatons, 2013: Ch. 5.
5. Tim Mackintosh-Smith
a. Travels With a Tangerine: A Journey in the Footnotes of Ibn Battutah. London: John Murray, 2002.
b. The Hall of a Thousand Columns: Hindustan to Malabar With Ibn Battutah. London: John Murray, 2005.
6. Steven Runciman
a. A History of the Crusades, Vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1952: Pt. 4, Ch. 2; Pt. 5.
b. A History of the Crusades, Vol. III: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1954: Pt. 3, Ch. 4; Pt. 4, Ch. 3.
6. Other
Abel, Ernest L. Marijuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years. 1980. Rpt. Boston: Springer US, 2013: Ch. 2.
Black, Edwin. Banking on Baghdad: Inside Iraq's 7,000-Year History of War, Profit and Conflict. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2004: Ch. 4.
Fregosi, Paul. Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests From the 7th to the 21st Centuries. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1998: Ch. 24-38.
Hourani, Albert. A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 1991: Pt. 2.
Jenkins, Philip. The Lost History of Christianity: The Thousand-Year Golden Age of the Church in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia – and How It Died. New York City: HarperOne, 2008: Ch. 6-7.
Kirchner, Paul. The Deadliest Men: The World's Deadliest Combatants Through the Ages. Boulder, Colo.: Paladin Press, 2001: Ch. 29.
Kuran, Timur. Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2004: Ch. 6.
L'Amour, Louis [Louis LaMoore]. The Walking Drum, rev. ed. New York City: Bantam Books, 2019: Ch. 3-24, 48-57.
Lewis. Faith and Power: Religion and Politics in the Middle East. New York City: Oxford UP, 2010: Ch. 6.
Maalouf, Amin. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. 1984. Rpt. London: Folio Books, 2012: Pt. 4-14.
Margolis, Eric S. American Raj: Liberation or Domination? Toronto: Key Porter Books, 2008: Ch. 2.
Milton, Ch. 6, 10.
Norton, Anne. Leo Strauss and the Politics of American Empire. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 2004: Ch. 13.
Patai, Raphael. The Arab Mind, 2nd rev. ed. New York City: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1983: Ch. 1-11, 15.
Peters, Joan. From Time Immemorial: The Origins of the Arab-Jewish Conflict Over Palestine. 1984. Rpt. Chicago: JKAP, 2002: Ch. 4.
Randal, Jonathan C. Osama: The Making of a Terrorist, rev. ed. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011.
Rihani, Ameen. The Descent of Bolshevism. 1920. Rpt. Charleston, S.C.: Bibliolife, 2009: Ch. 4.
Robinson, Kim Stanley. The Years of Rice and Salt. New York City: Bantam Books, 2002.
Spencer, Robert. Onward Muslim Soldiers: How Jihad Still Threatens America and the West. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2003: Ch. 7.
Sykes, Pt. 1, Ch. 24-25.

C. Europe

1. The British Isles
a. The Canterbury Tales
The Text of the Canterbury Tales, Studied on the Basis of All Known Manuscripts, Vol. I-VIII. Ed. John Matthews Manly et al. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1940.
Altick, Richard D. The Scholar-Adventurers, rev. ed. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State UP, 1987: Ch. 3.
Johnson, Paul. Creators: From Chaucer and Dürer to Picasso and Disney. New York City: HarperCollins Publishers, 2006: Ch. 1.
b. Ireland
Johnson. Ireland: Land of Troubles: A History From the Twelfth Century to the Present Day. 1980. Rpt. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1984: Ch. 1.
Russell, Thaddeus. A Renegade History of the United States. New York City: Free Press, 2010: Ch. 6.
c. Freemasonry
Dickie, John. The Craft: How Freemasons Made the Modern World. New York City: PublicAffairs, 2020: Ch. 3.
Gardner, Laurence.  The Shadow of Solomon: The Lost Secret of the Freemasons Revealed. London: HarperElement, 2005: Ch. 9.
d. Other
Adams, Charles. For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization, rev. ed. Lanham, Md.: Madison Books, 1999: Ch. 16.
Altick, Ch. 7-8.
Barry, John M. Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty. New York City: Viking, 2012: Ch. 1.
Beck, James M. The Vanishing Rights of the States: A Discussion of the Right of the Senate to Nullify the Action of a Sovereign State in the Selection of Its Representatives in the Senate. 1926. Rpt. Holmes Beach, Fla.: Gaunt, 1997: Appendix A.
Calhoun, Frederick S. Hunters and Howlers: Threats and Violence Against Federal Judicial Officials in the United States. Arlington, Va.: U.S. Marshals Service, 1998: Ch. 1.
Cam, Helen. England Before Elizabeth, rev. ed. New York City: Harper & Row Publishers, 1960: Ch. 5-14.
Cawthorne, Nigel. A Brief History of Robin Hood. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers, 2010: Ch. 1-4, 6-12.
Corrigan, Gordon. A Great and Glorious Adventure: A History of the Hundred Years War and the Birth of Renaissance England. 2013. Rpt. New York City: Pegasus Books, 2014.
Coulter, Ann H. High Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Case Against Bill Clinton. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 1998: Ch. 20.
The Foundational Documents of the American Legal System. Chicago: CALI eLangdell Press, 2014.
Fraser, George MacDonald. The Steel Bonnets: The Story of the Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers. 1971. Rpt. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing, 2008: Ch. 3.
Hueffer, Ford Madox [Joseph Leopold Ford Madox Hueffer]. The Cinque Ports: A Historical and Descriptive Record. Edinburgh, U.K.: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900: Ch. 3-5, 13, 15, Appendix C-G.
Hitchings, Henry. Sorry!: The English and Their Manners. New York City: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2013: Ch. 2, 11.
Hughes, Jonathan R.T. The Government Habit Redux: Economic Controls From Colonial Times to the Present. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1991: Ch. 2.
Jankovic, Ivan. The American Counter-Revolution in Favor of Liberty: How Americans Resisted Modern State, 1765-1850. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019: Ch. 6.
Johnson. The Life and Times of Edward III. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973.
Kirchner, Ch. 34.
Lane, Roger. Murder in America: A History. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State UP, 1997: Ch. 1.
McConaughy, John. From Cain to Capone: Racketeering Down the Ages. New York City: Brentano’s, 1931: Ch. 5.
Milton, Ch. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9.
Shinn, Charles Howard. Mining Camps: A Study in American Frontier Government. 1885. Rpt. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1970: Ch. 3.
Smith, Seymour Wemyss. John Hanson, Our First President. 1932. Rpt. Philadelphia: Invest-in-America National Council, 1971: Ch. 1.
Stoudt, John Baer. Nicolas Martiau: The Adventurous Huguenot, the Military Engineer, and the Earliest American Ancestor of George Washington. Norristown, Pa.: The Norristown Press, 1932: Ch. 10.
Sutton, Antony C. Wall Street and FDR. 1975. Rpt. Cutchogue, N.Y. : Buccaneer Books, 2007: Ch. 7.
Tucker, William. Vigilante: The Backlash Against Crime in America. Briarcliff Manor, N.Y.: Stein and Day, 1985: Ch. 7.
Tuchman, Barbara. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. 1978. Rpt. London: Penguin Books, 2017: Ch. 8, 14.
Turchin, Peter, and Sergey A. Nefedov. Secular Cycles. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2009: Ch. 3.
Webb, James. Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America, rev. ed. New York City: Broadway Books, 2007: Pt. 2, Ch. 3-4; Pt. 3, Ch. 2.
Wooldridge, William C. Uncle Sam, the Monopoly Man. New Rochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House, 1970: Ch. 5.
Younger, Richard D. The People's Panel: The Grand Jury in the United States, 1634-1941. Providence, R.I.: American History Research Center/Brown UP, 1963: Ch. 1.
2. France
a. Turchin
i. War and Peace and War: The Life Cycles of Imperial Nations. New York City: Pi Press, 2006: Ch. 8.
ii. Secular Cycles. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2009: Ch. 4.
b. Other
Baring-Gould, Sabine. A Book of the Pyrenees. London: Methuen & Co., 1907: Ch. 2, 5, 17.
Ford, and Biala [Janice Biala]. Provence: From Minstrels to the Machine. 1935. Rpt. Manchester, U.K.: Carcanet, 2009: Pt. 2, Ch. 4, 6.
Jager, Eric. The Last Duel: A True Story of Crime, Scandal, and Trial by Combat in Medieval France. New York City: Broadway Books, 2004.
L. L'Amour, The Walking Drum, Ch. 25-34.
Norwich, John Julius [John Julius Cooper]. A History of France. New York City: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2018: Ch. 3-5.
Tuchman, Ch. 1, 6-7, 17.
Weis, René. The Yellow Cross: The Story of the Last Cathars' Rebellion Against the Inquisition, 1290-1329. 2000. Rpt. New York City: Vintage Books, 2002.
3. The Swiss Confederation
Adams, Ch. 18.
Codevilla, Angelo M. Between the Alps and a Hard Place: Switzerland in World War II and Moral Blackmail Today. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2000: Ch. 2.
Johnstone, Rick. "Ethnic Purges and Neighborly Pacts: Reflections on a Swiss Statue." Telos Winter 1999: 49-59.
Mockler, Ch. 4.
4. Sicily
a. Norwich
i. The Normans in Sicily, Vol. I, Ch. 20-23; Vol. II, Ch. 1-6, 8-17, 19-21.
ii. Sicily: An Island at the Crossroads of History. New York City: Random House, 2015: Ch. 5-8.
b. Others
Dickie, John. Delizia!: The Epic History of the Italians and Their Food. 2007. Rpt. New York City: Free Press, 2008: Ch. 2.
Montanelli, Indro, and Roberto Gervaso. Italy in the Golden Centuries. 1967. Trans. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co., 1969: Ch. 3.
Reid, Ed. The Grim Reapers: The Anatomy of Organized Crime in America. 1969. Rpt. New York City: Bantam, 1970: Ch. 1.
Reynolds, Ch. 8.
Tosches, Nick. Power on Earth. New York City: Arbor House, 1986: Ch. 2.
5. Naples
Collison-Morley, Lacy. Naples Through the Centuries. New York City: Frederick A. Stokes Co. Publishers, 1924: Ch. 3.
Goldstone, Ch. 1-16, 18.
6. Venice
Bergreen, Laurence. Marco Polo: From Venice to Xanadu. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007: Ch. 1, 15.
Crowley, Ch. 2-4, 8, 10-13.
Dickie, Delizia!, Ch. 4.
Farrell. Financial Vipers of Venice: Alchemical Money, Magical Physics, and Banking in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Port Townsend, Wash.: Feral House, 2010: Ch. 10.
Madden, Thomas F. Venice: A New History. New York City: Viking, 2012: Ch. 5-9, 12.
Norwich. A History of Venice. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982: Ch. 7-14.
7. The Rest of Italy
Crowley, Ch. 9.
Dickie, Delizia!, Ch. 2.
Eco, Umberto. The Name of the Rose. 1980. Trans. William Weaver. San Diego: Helen and Kurt Wolff/Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983.
Schaeffer, Francis A. How Should We Then  Live?: The Rise and Decline of Western Thought and Culture. 1976. Rpt. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 1983: Ch. 3.
Serventi, Silvano, and Françoise Sabban. Pasta: The Story of a Universal Food. 2000. Trans. Anthony Shugaar. New York City: Columbia UP, 2002: Ch. 2, 8.
Talese, Gay. Unto the Sons. 1992. Rpt. New York City: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2006: Ch. 12.
Tuchman, Ch. 19.
Vitiello, Joanna Carraway. Public Justice and the Criminal Trial in Late Medieval Italy: Reggio Emilia in the Visconti Age. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2016.
8. The Holy Roman Empire
Davis, Pt. 2, Ch. 6.
Heer. The Holy Roman Empire. 1967. Trans. Sondheimer. New York City: Praeger, 1968: Ch. 4-5.
Montanelli & Gervaso, Ch. 2.
Prague, the Crown of Bohemia, 1347-1437. Ed. Barbara Drake Boehm and Jiri Fajt. New York City: The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Yale UP, 2005.
Tuchman, Ch. 15.
9. Spain
Baring-Gould, Ch. 20.
Brenan, Gerald. The Spanish Labyrinth: An Account of the Social and Political Background of the Civil War, rev. ed. London: Cambridge UP, 1950: Ch. 6.
Kamen, Henry. The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision, 3rd rev. ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 2014: Ch. 1.
O’Shea, Stephen. Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World. New York City: Walker & Co., 2006: Ch. 7.
10. Other
Denny, Isabel. The Fall of Hitler’s Fortress City: The Battle for Königsberg, 1945. St. Paul, Minn.: MBI Publishing, 2007: Ch. 1.
Milton, Ch. 4.

D. Byzantium

1. The Crusader Sack of Constantinople
Runciman, Vol. III, Pt. 2, Ch. 1.
Tyerman, Christopher. God’s War: A New History of the Crusades. 2006. Rpt. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 2008: Ch. 17.
2. Norwich
a. The Normans in Sicily: The Normans in the South, 1016-1130; and The Kingdom in the Sun, 1130-1194. London: Penguin Books, 1992: Vol. II, Ch. 18.
b. Byzantium, Vol. III: The Decline and Fall. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995: Ch. 4-21.
3. Other
Cox, Samuel S. Diversions of a Diplomat in Turkey. 1887. Rpt. New York City: Elibron Classics, 2005: Ch. 12.
Crowley, Roger. City of Fortune: How Venice Ruled the Seas. Rpt. New York City: Random House, 2011: Ch. 5-7.
Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, corr. ed. Ed. David Wormersley. New York City: Penguin Books, 1994: Vol. III, Ch. 62-63, 66, 68.
L. L'Amour, The Walking Drum, Ch. 43-47.
Milton, Ch. 2.

E. The Knights Templar

Baigent, Michael, Richard Leigh, and Henry Lincoln. Holy Blood, Holy Grail, 3rd rev. ed. New York City: Delacorte Press, 2005: Ch. 2-3, 5.
Frers, Ernesto. The Templar Pirates: The Secret Alliance to Build the New Jerusalem. 2005. Trans. Ariel Godwin. Rochester, Vt.: Destiny Books, 2007: Ch. 2-3.
Gardner. Shadow of Solomon, Ch. 7, 10.
Gwynne, H.A. The Cause of World Unrest, rev. ed. New York City: G.P. Putnam’s Sons/The Knickerbocker Press, 1920: Ch. 3.
Hancock, Graham, and Robert Bauval. The Master Game: Unmasking the Secret Rulers of the World, rev. ed. New York City: Disinformation Co., 2011: Ch. 15.
Parfrey, Adam, and Craig Heimbichner. Ritual America: Secret Brotherhoods and Their Influence on American Society. Port Townsend, Wash.: Feral House, 2012: Ch. 3-4.
Partner, Peter. The Knights Templar & Their Myth, rev. ed. Rochester, Vt.: Destiny Books, 1990: Ch. 1-2, 4-5.
Reynolds, John Lawrence. Secret Societies: Inside the Freemasons, the Yakuza, Skull and Bones, and the World’s Most Notorious Secret Organizations. 2006. Rpt. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing, 2011: Ch. 2.
Webster, Nesta H. Secret Societies and Subversive Movements. 1924. Rpt. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger Publishing, 2003: Ch. 3.

F. The University

Heer, Friedrich. The Medieval World: Europe 1100-1350. 1961. Trans. Janet Sondheimer. 1962. Rpt. New York City: Welcome Rain, 1998: Ch. 9-10.
Nisbet, Robert A. The Degradation of the Academic Dogma. 1971. Rpt. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1997: Pt. 1.
Woods, Thomas E. Jr. How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2005: Ch. 4.

G. Christianity

1. The Roman Catholic Church
a. The Scholastics
i. St. Thomas Aquinas

Casey, Gerald. Freedom’s Progress?: A History of Political Thought. Exeter, U.K.: Imprint Academic, 2017: Ch. 11.
Chafuen, Alejandro A. Faith and Liberty: The Economic Thought of the Late Scholastics, rev. ed. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2003: Ch. 2.
Farrell, Joseph P., and Scott D. De Hart. Transhumanism: A Grimoire of Alchemical Agendas. Port Townsend, Wash.: Feral House, 2011: Ch. 8.
Feser, Edward. The Last Superstition: A Refutation of the New Atheism. South Bend, Ind.: St. Augustine's Press, 2008: Ch. 3.
Rockwell, Llewellyn H Jr. Fascism vs. Capitalism. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2013: Ch. 7.
Rothbard, History of Economic Thought, Pt. 2, Ch. 7.
ii. Others
Chafuen, Ch. 1.
Feser, Ch. 4-5.
Grice-Hutchinson, Marjorie. Early Economic Thought in Spain, 1177-1740. 1978. Rpt. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2015: Ch. 4.
Rothbard, History of Economic Thought, Pt. 2, Ch. 8.
b. Other
Faith & Action: The Collected Articles of R.J. Rushdoony From the Chalcedon Report, 1965-2004, Vol. I: Authority, Humanism & Morality. Vallecito, Calif.: Chalcedon/Ross House Books, 2019: Ch. 153.
Goldstone, Nancy Bazelon. The Lady Queen: The Notorious Reign of Joanna I, Queen of Naples, Jerusalem, and Sicily. New York City: Walker & Co., 2009: Ch. 17.
Seldes, George. The Vatican: Yesterday – Today –Tomorrow. New York City: Harper & Brothers, 1934: Ch. 5.
Tuchman, Ch. 16.
2. Outremer
a. Jerusalem
Andressohn, John C. The Ancestry and Life of Godfrey of Bouillon. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Publications, 1947: Ch. 5-6.
Bahat & Sabar, Ch. 9.
Cline, Eric H. Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P, 2004: Ch. 6.
Montefiore, Ch. 21-25.
b. Norwich
i. The Normans in Sicily, Vol. II, Ch. 7.
ii. The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean. 2007. Rpt. London: The Folio Society, 2010: Ch. 10.
c. Runciman
i. Vol. II, Pt. 1-3; Pt. 4, Ch. 1, 3-4.
ii. Vol. III, Pt. 1; Pt. 2, Ch. 2-4; Pt. 3, Ch. 2; Pt. 4, Ch. 1-2; Pt. 5.
d. Other
Andressohn, Ch. 3-4.
Fletcher, Nichola. Charlemagne's Tablecloth: A Piquant History of Feasting. 2004. Rpt. New York City: St. Martin's Press, 2005: Ch. 13.
Foss, Michael. People of the First Crusade: The Truth About the Christian-Muslim War Revealed. 1997. Rpt. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing Co., 2011.
Heer, Medieval World, Ch. 6.
O’Shea, Ch. 6.
Rubenstein, Jay. Armies of Heaven: The First Crusade and the Quest for the Apocalypse. New York City: Basic Books, 2011.
Stark, Rodney. God's Battalions: The Case for the Crusades. New York City: HarperOne, 2009.
Tyerman, Ch. 2-15, 19, 22-24.
3. George Grant
a. Third Time Around: A History of the Pro-Life Movement From the First Century to the Present. Brentwood, Tenn.: Wohlgemuth & Hyatt, Publishers, 1991: Ch. 4-5.
b. Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood, rev. ed. Franklin, Tenn.: Adroit Press, 1992: Ch. 12.
4. Hancock
a. The Sign and the Seal: The Quest for the Lost Ark of the Covenant. 1992. Rpt.: London: Arrow, 2001: Ch. 3-5.
b. The Master Game, Ch. 2, 7.
5. Rushdoony
a. The One and the Many: Studies in the Philosophy of Order and Ultimacy. 1971. Rpt. Vallecito, Calif.: Chalcedon/Ross House Books, 1997: Ch. 8.
b. Christianity and the State, Ch. 28.
c. An Informed Faith: The Position Papers of R.J. Rushdoony, Vol. III: Heresies & Philosophies; Statism & Liberty, Ch. 176.
d. Faith & Action, Vol. II: Government, Education & Society. Vallecito, Calif.: Chalcedon/Ross House Books, 2019: Ch. 191.
6. Other
Davis, Pt. 2, Ch. 3, 7.
De Wesselow, Thomas. The Sign: The Shroud of Turin and the Secret of the Resurrection. New York City: Dutton, 2013: Ch. 2, 14.
Emin, Ch. 18.
Farrell & De Hart, Ch. 10.
Heer, Medieval World, Ch. 3, 8.
Holland, Tom. Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind. 2019. Rpt. London: Abacus, 2020: Ch. 10-11.
Johnson. A History of Christianity. New York City: Atheneum, 1976: Pt. 4.
Maryks, Robert Aleksander. The Jesuit Order As a Synagogue of Jews: Jesuits of Jewish Ancestry and Purity-of-Blood Laws in the Early Society of Jesus. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2010: Ch. 1.
Podles, Leon J. The Church Impotent: The Feminization of Christianity. Dallas: Spence Publishing Co., 1999: Ch. 6-8.
Rahn, Otto. Crusade Against the Grail: The Struggle Between the Cathars, the Templars, and the Church of Rome, 3rd corr. ed. Trans. and Ed. Christopher Jones. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions, 2006: Pt. 1, 3-4.
Rothbard, History of Economic Thought, Pt. 2, Ch. 6; Pt. 3, Ch. 6-7.
Rushby, Kevin. Paradise: A History of the Idea That Rules the World. 2006. Rpt. New York City: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2007: Ch. 5.
Silverberg, Robert. The Realm of Prester John, rev. ed. London: Phoenix Press, 2001: Ch. 1-2.
Sklar, Dusty [Ethel Kwalbrun Sklar]. The Nazis and the Occult. Rpt. New York City: Dorset Press, 1977: Ch. 14.
Stark, Rodney. The Victory of Reason: How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and Western Success. New York City: Random House, 2005: Ch. 4-6.
Tyerman, Ch. 18, 20-21, 25-26.
Walsh, William Thomas. Characters of the Inquisition. 1940. Rpt. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger Publications, 2007: Ch. 2-4.
Woods, Ch. 5, 8.

H. The Jews

1. Food
Balinska, Maria. The Bagel: The Surprising History of a Modest Bread. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 2008: Ch. 1-2.
Wex, Michael. Rhapsody in Schmaltz: Yiddish Food and Why We Can’t Stop Eating It. New York City: St. Martin’s Press, 2016: Ch. 7.
2. Kevin B. MacDonald
a. Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism, rev. ed. Bloomington, Ind.: 1st Books, 2004: Ch. 4.
b. The Culture of Critique: An Evolutionary Analysis of Jewish Involvement in Twentieth-Century Century Intellectual and Political Movements, rev. ed. Bloomington, Ind.: 1st Books Library, 2002: Ch. 1.
3. Others
Dimont, Max I. Jews, God and History, rev. ed. New York City: New American Library, 1994: Ch. 21.
Epstein, Edward Jay. The Rise and Fall of Diamonds: The Shattering of a Brilliant Illusion. New York City: Simon and Schuster, 1982: Ch. 8.
Horowitz, Elliott. Reckless Rites: Purim and the Legacy of Jewish Violence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2006: Ch. 4, 9-10.
Jones, E. Michael. The Jewish Revolutionary Spirit and Its Impact on World History. Sound Bend, Ind.: Fidelity Press, 2008: Ch. 3-4.
Messick, Hank. The Silent Syndicate. New York City: The Macmillan Co., 1967: Ch. 1.
Peters, Ch. 5.
Scholem, Gershom. Origins of the Kabbalah, 2nd rev. ed. Ed. R.J. Zwi Werblowsky. Trans. Allan Arkush. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society/Princeton UP, 1987.
Webster, Ch. 8.

I. East Asia

1. China
Comber, Leon F. Chinese Secret Societies in Malaya: A Survey of the Triad Society From 1800 to 1900. Locust Valley, N.Y.: Association for Asian Studies/J.J. Augustin, 1959: Ch. 2.
Schwartz, Daniel, and Zhenwen Luo. The Great Wall of China: With 149 Duotone Photographs and 6 Maps, rev. ed. London: Thames & Hudson, 2001: Ch. 1-6, 8, 10.
2. Robert Silverberg
a. Lost Cities and Vanished Civilizations. Radnor, Pa.: Chilton Book Co., 1962: Ch. 6.
b. The Realm of Prester John, Ch. 3.
2. Others
Bergreen, Marco Polo, Ch. 5-14.
Dicker, Herman. Wanderers and Settlers in the Far East: A Century of Jewish Life in China and Japan. New York City: Twayne Publishers, 1962: Ch. 6.
Milton, Ch. 11.
Sykes, Ella Constance, and Brig. Gen. Percy Sykes. Through Deserts and Oases of Central Asia. 1920. Rpt. Whitefish, Mont.: Kessinger Publishing, 2007: Ch. 14.

J. The Arts

1. Literature
a. The Divine Comedy
Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy, Vol. I-III. Trans. Robin Kirkpatrick. London: Penguin, 2006-07.
Farrell & De Hart, Ch. 9.
Montanelli & Gervaso, Ch. 7.
Tosches. In The Hand Of Dante. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 2002.
b. Other
Ford, Ford Madox [Hueffer]. The March of Literature: From Confucius' Day to Our Own. 1938. Rpt. Normal, Ill.: Dalkey Archive Press, 1998: Vol. I, Pt. 3, Ch. 5; Pt. 4, Ch. 1.
Heer, Medieval World, Ch. 15.
Ziolkowski, Jan M. Fairy Tales From Before Fairy Tales: The Medieval Latin Past of Wonderful Lies. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P, 2007: Ch. 5-6.
2. Music
Crosby, Alfred W. The Measure of Reality: Quantification and Western Society, 1250-1600. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 1997: Ch. 8.
Gioia, Ted. Music: A Subversive History. New York City: Basic Books, 2019: Ch. 12-13, 16.
Morales, Ed. The Latin Beat: The Rhythms and Roots of Latin Music From Bossa Nova to Salsa and Beyond. New York City: Da Capo Press, 2003: Ch. 5.
Sullivan, Jack. New World Symphonies: How American Culture Changed European Music. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 1999: Ch. 5.
Wallace, Carol McD. et al. Dance: A Very Social History. New York City: The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Rizzoli, 1986: Ch. 2.
3. Painting
Crosby, Ch. 9.
Grebe, Anja, Henri Loyrette, and Erich Lessing. The Louvre: All the Paintings. Ed. Vincent Pomarède. New York City: Black Dog & Leventhal, 2011.
4. Other
Heer, Medieval World, Ch. 16.

K. Martial Matters

DeConde, Alexander. Gun Violence in America: The Struggle for Control. Boston: Northeastern UP, 2001: Ch. 1.
Englebrecht, H.C., and F.C. Hanighen. Merchants of Death: A Study of the International Armaments Industry, corr. ed. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1935: Ch. 2.
Fuller, Col. J.F.C. Tanks in the Great War, 1914-1918. 1920. Rpt. Nashville, Tenn.: Battery Press, 2003: Ch. 1.
Sechrest, Larry J. "Privateering and National Defense: Naval Warfare for Private Profit." The Myth of National Defense, 239-274.
Stromberg, Joseph R. "Mercenaries, Guerillas, Militias, and the Defense of Minimal States and Free Societies." The Myth of National Defense, 215-238.
Tyerman, Ch. 16.

L. Business

Beard, Miriam. A History of Business, Vol. I: From Babylon to the Monopolists. 1938. Rpt. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P, 1962: Ch. 4.
Crosby, Ch. 10.
De Roover, Raymond. Business, Banking, and Economic Thought in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Ed. Julius Kirshner. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1974: Ch. 3, 5-7, 10.
Schweikart, Larry, and Lynne Pierson Doti. American Entrepreneur: The Fascinating Story of the People Who Defined Business in the United States, rev. ed. New York City: AMACOM, 2010: Ch. 2.

M. The Mongol Empire

Clements, Jonathan. A Brief History of Khubilai Khan. London: Robinson, 2010.
Hopkirk, Peter. The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia, rev. ed. New York City: Kodansha International, 1992: Ch. 1.
Runciman, Vol. III, Pt. 3, Ch. 1, 3.
Weatherford, J. McIver. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. 2004. Rpt. New York City: Three Rivers Press, 2005.
Wing, Patrick. The Jalayirids: Dynastic State Formation in the Mongol Middle East. Edinburgh, U.K.: Edinburgh UP, 2016.

N. Crime

Chandler, David Leon. Brothers in Blood: The Rise of the Criminal Brotherhoods. New York City: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1975: Pt. 1; Appendix A.
Maurer, David W. The American Confidence Man, 2nd rev. ed. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, 1974: Ch. 10.
W. Tucker, Ch. 16.

O. The Black Plague

Bramley, William. The Gods of Eden: A New Look at Human History, rev. ed. 1990. Rpt. New York City: Avon Books, 1990: Ch. 18.
Cantor, Norman F. In the Wake of the Plague: The Black Death and the World It Made. New York City: The Free Press, 2001.
Scheidel, Walter. The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality From the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 2017: Ch. 10.

P. Gardner

1. Realm of the Ring Lords: The Ancient Legacy of the Ring and the Grail. 2000. Rpt. London: Element, 2004: Appendix 4.
2. Bloodline of the Holy Grail: The Hidden Lineage of Jesus Revealed, 2nd rev. ed. Gloucester, Mass.: Fair Winds Press, 2005: Ch. 17.
3. Shadow of Solomon, Ch. 16.
4. Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark: Amazing Revelations of the Incredible Power of Gold. 2003. Rpt. New York City: Barnes & Noble, 2005: Ch. 16.
5. The Magdalene Legacy: The Jesus and Mary Bloodline Conspiracy: Revelations Beyond the Da Vinci Code. 2005. Rpt. San Francisco: Weiser Books, 2007: Ch. 18.

Q. Hancock

1. The Mars Mystery: The Secret Connection Between Earth and the Red Planet, rev. ed. 1998. Rpt. New York City: Three Rivers Press, 2010: Ch. 18, 26.
2. Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization. New York City: Crown Publishers, 2002: Ch. 22.

R. Stanley L. Jaki

1. The Absolute Beneath the Relative and Other Essays. Lanham, Md.: UP of America/The Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 1988: Ch. 9.
2. Science and Creation: From Eternal Cycles to an Oscillating Universe, 2nd rev. ed. New Hope, Ky.: Real View Books, 2016: Ch. 10.
3. The Only Chaos and Other Essays. (Lanham, Md.: UP of America/Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 1990: Ch. 3.

S. L. L'Amour

1. The Walking Drum, Ch. 1-2, 35-42.
2. Louis L'Amour's Lost Treasures, Vol. II: More Mysterious Stories, Unfinished Manuscripts, and Lost Notes From One of the World's Most Popular Novelists. Ed. Beau L'Amour. New York City: Bantam Books, 2019.

T. Rothbard

1. An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought, Vol. I, Pt. 2, Ch. 4; Pt. 3, Ch. 2-5, 8-9; Pt. 5, Ch. 7; Pt. 6, Ch. 1-2.
2. Conceived in Liberty, Vol. I: A New Land, A New People: The American Colonies in the 17th Century. 1975. Rpt. Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1999: Ch. 1.
3. The Logic of Action, Vol. I: Method, Money, and the Austrian School. Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar, 1997: Ch. 8.

U. Thomas S. Szasz

1. The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement, rev. ed. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse UP, 1997: Ch. 1, 4, 6-8, 10.
2. Cruel Compassion: Psychiatric Control of Society's Unwanted. New York City: John Wiley & Sons, 1994: Ch. 4.

V. Other

Adams, Ch. 22.
Anderson, Walter Truett. Reality Isn’t What It Used to Be: Theatrical Politics, Ready-to-Wear Religion, Global Myths, Primitive Chic, and Other Wonders of the Postmodern World. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1990: Ch. 5.
Asbury, Herbert. Sucker’s Progress: An Informal History of Gambling in America. 1938. Rpt. New York City: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2003: Ch. 1, 3.
Baigent et al., Ch. 4, 11.
Barry, Ch. 8.
Bergreen, Marco Polo, Ch. 2-4.
Bethell, Tom. The Noblest Triumph: Property and Prosperity Through the Ages. New York City: St. Martin's Press, 1998: Ch. 6.
Bramley, Ch. 19.
Casey, Ch. 12.
Crosby, Ch. 1-7.
Davis, Pt. 2, Ch. 4-5, 9.
Day, David. Conquest: How Societies Overwhelm Others. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford UP, 2008: Ch. 10.
Dugard, Ch. 4, 6.
Easterly, William. The Tyranny of Experts: Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor. New York City: Basic Books, 2013: Ch. 2.
Farrell. The SS Brotherhood of the Bell: NASA's Nazis, JFK, and Majic-12. Kempton, Ill.: Adventures Unlimited Press, 2006: Ch. 9.
Ferguson, Kitty. Pythagoras: His Lives and the Legacy of a Rational Universe. London: Icon, 2010: Ch. 15.
Fletcher, Ch. 3-4, 11, 14, 21.
Garrett, Garet [Edward Peter Garrett]. The American Story. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co., 1955: Pt. 1, Ch. 1.
Gibbon, Vol. III, Ch. 64-65, 67, 69.
Gies, Frances, and Joseph Gies. Daily Life in Medieval Times: A Vivid, Detailed Account of Birth, Marriage and Death; Food, Clothing and Housing; Love and Labor in the Middle Ages. 1990. Rpt. Hoo, U.K.: Grange, 2005.
Gimpel, Jean. The Medieval Machine: The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages. 1975. Rpt. New York City: Barnes & Noble Books, 2003.
Heer, Medieval World, Ch. 1-2, 4-5, 7, 11-14.
Hogshire, Jim. Grossed-Out Surgeon Vomits Inside Patient!: An Insider's Look at Supermarket Tabloids. Venice, Calif.: Feral House, 1997: Ch. 1.
Johnson. A History of the American People. New York City: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997: Pt. 1.
Kern, Fritz. Kingship and Law in the Middle Ages. 1914. Trans. S.B. Chrimes. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell, 1939.
Livingstone, Terrorism and the Illuminati, Ch. 10.
Marrs, Jim. Our Occulted History: Do the Global Elite Conceal Ancient Aliens? New York City: William Morrow, 2013: Pt. 3.
McDonald, Forrest. The American Presidency: An Intellectual History. Lawrence, Kan.: UP of Kansas, 1994: Ch. 2.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory, 2nd rev. ed. 2007. Rpt. London: Bloomsbury, 2013: Ch. 13.
Miller, Nicholas J. Between Nation and State: Serbian Politics in Croatia Before the First World War. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1997: Ch. 1.
Molnar, Thomas. The Decline of the Intellectual, rev. ed. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994: Ch. 1.
Morgan, Giles. A Brief History of the Holy Grail. London: Robinson/Running Press, 2011: Ch. 5.
Morrill, G.L., and Lowell L. Morrill. The Curse of the Caribbean and the Three Guianas (Gehennas). Minneapolis: Pioneer Printers, 1920.
Nisbet. History of the Idea of Progress, rev. ed. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994: Ch. 3.
Norwich, The Middle Sea, Ch. 8-9, 11.
Norwood, Thomas Manson. A True Vindication of the South, in a Review of American Political History. Savannah, Ga.: Braid & Hutton, 1917: Ch. 1.
O'Shea, Ch. 8.
Palmer, Tom G. Realizing Freedom: Libertarian Theory, History, and Practice. Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 2009: Ch. 10, 12-13.
Patterson, Orlando. Freedom, Vol. I: Freedom in the Making of Western Culture. New York City: Basic Books, 1991: Pt. 5.
Price, Derek de Solla. Science Since Babylon, rev. ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 1975: Ch. 5.
Ravenscroft, Trevor. The Spear of Destiny: The Occult Power Behind the Spear Which Pierced the Side of Christ. 1973. Rpt. York Beach, Maine: Samuel Weiser, 1982: Ch. 13.
Roberts, Paul Craig, and Lawrence M. Stratton. The New Color Line: How Quotas and Privilege Destroy Democracy. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 1995: Ch. 2.
Schaeffer, Ch. 7.
Scheidel, Ch. 8.
Shafarevich, Igor. The Socialist Phenomenon. 1975. Trans. William Tjalsma. New York City: Harper & Row Publishers, 1980: Ch. 2.
Sharkey, Joe. Bedlam: Greed, Profiteering, and Fraud in a Mental Health System Gone Crazy. New York City: Thomas Dunne/St. Martin's Press, 1994: Ch. 10.
Shorter, Edward. The Making of the Modern Family. 1975. Rpt. London: Collins, 1979: Ch. 5-6.
Spiel, Hilde. Vienna’s Golden Autumn, 1866-1938. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1987: Ch. 1.
Sublette, Ned. Cuba and Its Music: From the First Drums to the Mambo. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2004: Ch. 15.
Sterling, Claire. The Masaryk Case. New York City: Harper & Row Publishers, 1969: Ch. 13.
Tuchman, Ch. 2-5, 9-13, 18, 20-27.
Ullmann, Walter. The Individual and Society in the Middle Ages. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966.
Updike, John. Gertrude and Claudius. Franklin Center, Pa.: Franklin Library, 2000.
Vidal, Gore. A Search for the King: A 12th Century Legend. New York City: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1950.
The Voluntary City: Choice, Community, and Civil Society. Ed. David T. Beito, Peter Gordon, and Alexander Tabarrok. Ann Arbor, Mich.: U of Michigan P/The Independent Institute, 2002: Ch. 6.
Webster, Ch. 4.
Wells, Colin. A Brief History of History: Great Historians and the Epic Quest to Explain the Past. Guilford, Conn.: The Lyons Press, 2008: Ch. 5.